BPSC Teacher Vacancy Criteria 

 November 24, 2023

By  Zain Malik

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) is a governmental body responsible for conducting civil service exams and competitive examinations to recruit candidates for various government positions in the state of Bihar, India. BPSC plays a crucial role in ensuring that qualified and competent individuals are selected to serve in various administrative roles, including in the education section is significant for several reasons. It aims to address the shortage of qualified teachers in Bihar, improve the quality of education, and ensure that students at various levels of schooling receive the instruction they need.

Vacancy Details: The BPSC announced a large-scale recruitment drive for school teachers as part of its second phase of teacher recruitment for 2023. This phase includes:

  • Total Vacancies: Over 69,000 vacancies have been reported, with some sources citing as many as 1,21,370 vacancies. These positions are spread across different levels of school education.
  • Classes Covered: The recruitment covers teachers for classes 6 to 12.
  • Departments: Positions include Teacher/Headmaster roles under the BC & EBC Welfare Department.
  • Application Window: The application process was scheduled to open between November 3 and November 14, 2023.
  • Exam Schedule: The BPSC TRE 2nd Phase Exam is slated for December 7 to December 16, 2023.

Eligibility Criteria: The eligibility criteria for BPSC teacher recruitment typically include educational qualifications, age limits, and other specific requirements relevant to the teaching profession. Candidates must meet these criteria to apply.

BPSC Bihar Teacher Age Limit-

Post General Male General Female BC/MBC SC/ST
Bihar Primary Teacher 37 years 37 years 40 years 42 years
Bihar Upper Primary Teacher 47 years 47 years 50 years 52 years
Bihar Secondary Teacher 37 years 37 years 40 years 42 years
Bihar Senior Secondary Teacher 37 years 37 years 40 years 42 years
Bihar Special Teacher 37 years 37 years 40 years 42 years

BPSC Bihar Teacher Eligibility Criteria-

  1. Primary Teacher:
    • 12th (or equivalent) with at least 50% marks and 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education/4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed)/2-year Diploma in Education (Special Education).
    • OR 12th with at least 45% marks and 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education.
    • OR Graduation with 50% Marks and 2-year DElEd.
    • OR Master’s degree in the concerned subject with 55% marks with DElEd.
    • CTET Paper 1 or BTET Paper 1 Qualified​​.
  2. Middle School Teacher:
    • Graduation with 2-year Diploma.
    • OR Graduation/Post Graduation degree with 50% marks and a B.Ed degree/Bed Special Education.
    • OR Graduation with 45% Marks and 1-year Bed Degree.
    • OR Class 12 with 50% marks and 4-year BA.Ed/BSc.ED/B.El.Ed degree.
    • OR Post Gradation with 55% Marks and 3-year B.Ed.M.Ed.
    • OR BCA with 50% Marks and D.El.Ed/B.Ed/ B.Ed Special Education/MCA with 55% Marks and 3-year B.Ed.M.Ed.
    • OR B.Tech with Specialization in Science and Math and Bed​​.
  3. Secondary Teacher:
    • Graduation/Post Graduation degree with 50% marks and a B.Ed degree/Bed Special Education.
    • OR 4-year BA.Ed/BSc.ED degree.
    • Math Teacher: Maths with Physics/Electronics/Computer Science/Chemical Science/Statistics at Graduation Level.
    • Science Teacher: Zoology, Botany, Chemistry at graduation Level.
    • Social Science Teacher: Choose 2 subjects from History, Geography, Economics, and Political Science, with 1 subject being History or Geography.
    • Language Teacher: Language should be read at all 3 years of Graduation.
    • Physical Education Teacher: Various qualifications detailed in the source​​.
  4. Higher Secondary Teacher:
    • Master’s degree in the concerned subject with 50% marks and B.Ed/BA.Ed/BSc.ED degree.
    • OR Master’s degree with 55% marks and 3-year Bed-Med Course.
    • STET paper 2 Qualified.
    • Various specific subject requirements detailed in the source​​.

Selection Process: The selection process usually comprises a written examination followed by an interview. The BPSC TRE (Teacher Recruitment Examination) is a crucial part of this process, assessing candidates’ knowledge and suitability for teaching roles.

Application Process: The application process for BPSC teacher recruitment involves submitting an application form through the BPSC’s official website. Candidates need to provide personal, educational, and professional details and may need to pay an application fee.

Implications for Education in Bihar: This recruitment drive is expected to have a significant impact on the quality of education in Bihar. By filling vacancies with qualified teachers, the state can improve educational outcomes, enhance teacher-student ratios, and provide better learning opportunities for students.


  1. Bihar Primary Teacher:
    • Paper I (Language): English (compulsory), plus Hindi/Urdu/Bengali (choose one).
    • Paper II (General Studies): Elementary Mathematics, Mental Ability Test, General Awareness, General Science, Social Science, Indian National Movements, Geography and Environment​​.
  2. Bihar Upper Primary Teacher:
    • Part I (Language): English, plus Hindi/Urdu/Bangla.
    • Part II (General Studies): Similar to Primary Teacher syllabus.
    • Part III (Subject): Choose between Maths & Science or Social Science, Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit, English​​.

Exam Pattern

  1. Bihar Primary Teacher PRT:
    • Paper 1 (Language): 100 questions, 120 minutes, 100 marks.
    • Paper 2 (General Studies): 120 questions, 120 minutes, 120 marks.
    • Total: 220 questions, 4 hours, 220 marks​​.
  2. Bihar Upper Primary Teacher:
    • Section 1 (Language): 30 questions, 30 marks.
    • Section 2 (General Studies): 40 questions, 40 marks.
    • Section 3 (Subject): 80 questions, 80 marks.
    • Total: 150 questions, 2.5 hours, 150 marks​​.
  3. Bihar Secondary Teacher TGT:
    • Similar pattern to Upper Primary Teacher exam​​.
  4. Bihar Senior Secondary Teacher PGT:
    • Also similar to the Upper Primary Teacher exam pattern​​.

These details should guide candidates in preparing effectively for the respective teacher positions they are applying for in the BPSC Bihar Teacher Recruitment 2023.

Conclusion: The 2023 BPSC teacher recruitment drive represents a major initiative by the Bihar government to strengthen its educational workforce. It is a critical step towards improving the quality of education in the state, ensuring that future generations have access to knowledgeable and dedicated teachers. This drive aligns with broader efforts to enhance educational standards and support the academic development of students across Bihar.

For the most accurate and comprehensive information, including the latest updates on this recruitment drive, candidates should refer to the BPSC’s official website and official notifications.


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